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Drug Abuse and Addiction:
Understanding the Signs, Symptoms, and Effects
Drugs are chemicals that have a profound impact on the neurochemical balance in the brain which directly affects how you feel and act. People who are suffering emotionally use drugs, not so much for the rush, but to escape from their problems. They are trying to self-medicate themselves out of loneliness, low self-esteem, unhappy relationships, or stress. This is a pattern that too often leads to drug abuse and addiction.
Find out how to recognize the signs and symptoms of drug abuse or addiction in yourself or someone you care about. When these problems are faced and thoughtfully addressed, there is hope for overcoming drug abuse and addiction.
Drug abuse: prescription drugs and street drugs
What happens when you take drugs?
Drug abuse or substance abuse, involves the repeated and excessive use of prescription or street drugs. In one way or another, almost all drugs over stimulate the pleasure center of the brain, flooding it with the neurotransmitter dopamine which produces euphoria. That heightened sense of pleasure can be so compelling that the brain wants that feeling back, again and again.
These drugs cause increased energy, rapid heart rate and elevated blood pressure, but they also produce racing thoughts and make you feel overly-stimulated. Continued use causes rapid breathing, irritability, impulsiveness, aggression, nervousness, insomnia, weight loss, tolerance, addiction, and possible heart failure. These drugs also cause an impairment in cognitive functioning which negatively affects memory and impacts the ability to learn.
Signs and symptoms of Drug Abuse
Health and behavior
* Continuing to use drugs even though you have health problems that are affected or caused by your drug use
* Irritability, anger, hostility, fatigue, agitation, anxiety, depression, psychosis (seeing or hearing things that are not there), lack of coordination, difficulty concentrating
Financial and legal issues
* Paying bills late, collection agencies calling, inability to keep track of your money
* Being arrested, doing things that you would normally not do, such as stealing to obtain drugs
Employment or school
* Continuing to use drugs even though you realize your job or education is in jeopardy
* Missing work or school, or going in late due to drug use
Family and friends
* Feeling annoyed when other people comment on, or criticize your use of drugs
* Feeling remorse or guilt after using drugs
* Associating with questionable acquaintances or frequenting out of the ordinary locations to purchase or use drugs
* Scheduling your day around using drugs
* Focusing recreational activities around obtaining drugs, using drugs, or recovering from drug use
* Using drugs when alone
Effects on society
Drug abuse and addiction have a devastating impact on society costing billions of dollars each year. Heroin use alone is responsible for the epidemic number of new cases of HIV/AIDS, Hepatitis, and drug addicted infants born each year. Drug abuse is responsible for decreased job productivity and attendance, increased healthcare costs, and an escalation of domestic violence and violent crimes.
Commonly Abused drugs
The drugs listed below are commonly abused, and affect the brain and physiology in different ways. Check out information provided by The National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) which offers a chart of commonly abused drugs and identifies how they affect you and what the long-term health risks are.
* Ritalin (one of several medications for ADHD)
* Vicodin and Oxycontin (painkillers)
* Valium and Xanax (tranquilizers)
* Marijuana and Hashish
Hallucinogens and Psilocybin
* LSD and PCP
* Magic Mushrooms
* Aerosols, Nitrous oxide, Nitrites (poppers)
Drugs for increasing muscle mass
* Anabolic steroid
I have a problem – what do I do now?
Treatment Options for Drug Abuse and Addictions
Learn more about drug treatment programs, including rehab and peer support groups. With new ways of coping with life’s problems, without the use of drugs, the tight grip of addiction will begin to loosen its hold. Recovery is possible with the right medical help and social support.